AVIC Optoelectronics (002179) Company Comment: Second Phase Stock Incentives Unprecedented in State-owned Enterprise Growth and Regained Blessing

AVIC Optoelectronics (002179) Company Comment: Second Phase Stock Incentives Unprecedented in State-owned Enterprise Growth and Regained Blessing

Investment Highlights The company released the “Stock Incentive Plan (Second Phase)” on November 18, and the company intends to award 3206 to incentive objects.

50,000 shares of stock.

The number of employees involved in the employee shareholding plan was 1,215, of which 10 were directors, supervisors, and senior management. The price of the company’s shares obtained through non-trading transfer was 23.

43 yuan / share, the duration of the shareholding plan is 48 months.

  The company’s shareholding plan is another employee incentive after the end of employee incentives in 2016, showing the leader’s firm confidence in the company’s long-term development and a positive attitude towards employee incentives.

The company’s incentive reward shares as a percentage of the company’s share capital (3.

0%) higher than the recent incentive plans of AVIC Shen Fei, Philips, Steel Research Gaona, showing the company’s strong incentives for employees.

  The launch of the stock plan lasts for 60 months, with a lock-up period of up to 36 months. It will be unlocked in 3 phases after 24 months from the grant date, and each unlocked 33 after completing the unlocking conditions.

3%, 33.

3%, 33.


In this employee shareholding plan, the company’s net profit after deducting non-return to the mother in the financial year immediately before the unlocking date is not less than 10% of the compound performance in 2018. As a performance evaluation goal, the company will achieve at least non-return after 2020-2022, respectively.Parent net profit 10.

7.1 billion, 11.

7.8 billion, 12.

9.6 billion.

If the amortization of the expenses of the shareholding plan is considered, the company will achieve at least the non-returned net profit before deduction of the shareholding plan expenses from 2020-2022.

4.9 billion, 13.

5.4 billion, 13.

900 million.

In addition, the company’s performance needs to meet: 1) The company’s return on net assets in the financial year immediately before the unlockable date is not less than 13.

60%, and not lower than the 75th place value of the benchmarking enterprise; 2) The completion of the company’s EVA (Economic Growth Value) indicator for the financial year immediately before the day reached the assessment target issued by the aviation industry, and △ EVA was greater than 0.

  The company is the leader in military connectors.

The demand for military connectors is expected to continue to accelerate in the next two years 四川耍耍网 after the 13th Five-Year Plan; the civilian communications direction will continue to account for the second half of the market, and accompanied by the localization of Huawei’s supply chain, the company’s high-speed backplanes and other high-end connectors will significantly increase the proportion, Expected volume and price of the communications sector are rising.

Therefore, we maintain our profit forecast and expect the company’s net profit for 2019-202111.

74, 14.

59, 17.

5.5 billion.

  The company’s convertible bonds were delisted on November 7, and the total share capital increased to 10.

7 billion shares, corresponding to a PE of 35/28/24 times in 2019-2021 (2019/11/18), maintaining the level of “prudent increase”.

  Risk Warning: The development of high-end civilian products business exceeds expectations; the growth rate of military demand is lower than expected

Yonghui Supermarket (601933): Super-expected Supermarket Leader Speeds Up

Yonghui Supermarket (601933): Super-expected Supermarket Leader Speeds Up

The company announced its 2018 annual report and 2019 first quarter report, and the performance exceeded market expectations: (1) 2018 achieved revenue of 705.

1.7 billion, an increase of 20 in ten years.

35%, net profit attributable to mother 14.

8 billion, a decrease of 18 previously.


We calculate that, excluding fair incentive fees and Yunchuang’s impact, Yunchao’s net profit growth rate was 21.

14%; (2) Revenue of 222 in Q1 2019.

36 billion, an annual increase of 18.


Net profit attributable to mother 11.

2.4 billion, an increase of 50 in ten years.


We calculated that after excluding fair incentive fees, Yunchuang ‘s breakthrough and the impact of fresh food sales, Yunchao ‘s net profit increased by 18%.

74%; (3) 2018Q4 achieved revenue of 178.

24 ppm, an increase of 16 in ten years.


Net profit attributable to mother 4.

63 ppm, a 10-year increase of 8.


The increase in fees caused the net interest margin in 2018, and the profitability of 2019Q1 rebounded.

(1) Gross profit margin in 2018 22.

15%, increase by 1 year.

31 points.

Net interest rate 1.

41%, down by 1 every year.

47 points.

The increase in gross profit margin was mainly due to the expansion of business scale and stronger upstream bargaining power; (2) 2018 expense ratio20.

86%, an increase of 3 per year.

54 points.

Selling expense ratio 16.

39%, an increase of 1 per year.

97 points.

Management expense ratio 4.

26%, an increase of 1 per year.

22 points.

(3) Gross profit margin in 2019Q1 22.

71%, an increase of 0 from 2018.

56 points.Net interest rate 5.

07%, increase by 1 every year.

59pct, an increase of 0 from 2018.

18 points.

Expense rate is 16.

62%, down by 1 every year.

67 cases, down 4 from 2018.


Focus on the cloud super business, strengthen the store-to-store business, and consolidate the advantages of national channels.

(1) By the end of 2018, there were a total of 708 stores, covering 24 provinces and municipalities across the country, and achieving full coverage of first to sixth-tier cities.

During the year, 135 new stores were opened, covering an area of 96.

250,000 square meters, 240 stores have been opened, and the reserve area is 188.

480,000 square meters; (2) The rapid development of online business, the home business covers 490 stores in 88 cities in 20 provinces and cities, with 3 million members, set to 16.

800 million, an annual increase of 3.

2 times, business accounted for 2.

4%, increase by 1 every year.

5 points.

330 stores received JD.com home, adding another 95; (3) 21/93 new supermarket / mini stores opened in 19Q1, 27 green label stores signed, and 146 mini stores signed.

Build a food supply chain platform enterprise and promote the implementation of digital transformation strategy. 2018: (1) Supply chain segment: Private label and quality customized sales of USD 1.6 billion.

The logistics center covers 17 provinces and cities across the country with a total area of 450,000 square meters and a distribution operation volume of 40.9 billion.

Caishixian has set up fresh central plants in 6 provinces and cities, covering 405 supermarket stores, and achieved revenues of 2.4 billion; (2) the big science and technology sector: building cloud platform, upgrading store management tools, starting the Phaeton project strong foundation projectEstablish a consumer supply chain system platform. The first phase of the system has been implemented, and the second phase will be gradually implemented.

Slightly raised earnings forecast and upgraded to “Buy” rating.

The company has recently adjusted its strategy, focused on the Yunchao segment, strengthened its presence in the store, explored new business formats, and continued to promote national expansion.

Taking into account the performance growth brought by the mini store and the company’s operating efficiency improved after the merger of the first and second mergers, the operating management costs decreased.

Based on optimistic expectations of the company’s future, we slightly raised our profit forecast and changed the company’s focus on the development of its main business 深圳丝袜会所 to give a 45-fold increase in value, corresponding to 11.

25 yuan. There was 25% room for sustainability earlier. The rating was upgraded from “overweight” to “buy”. It is expected that the company’s net profit attributable to its parent in 2019-2021 will be 24.

39 (original value of 23.

65) / 32.

92 (original value 32.

49) / 42.

76 (new) billion, corresponding to 0 EPS.



45 yuan, corresponding to the current total PE is 36/26/20 times.

Risk warning: terminal demand declines, industry competition intensifies, business expansion is less than expected, and costs increase too quickly.

Livzon Group (000513): Pioneering Kit for Anti-epidemic Brings New Expectations

Livzon Group (000513): Pioneering Kit for Anti-epidemic Brings New Expectations

The entire line supports the demand for drugs in epidemic areas with a target price of 47.


30 yuan, maintaining “Buy” rating Since the outbreak of the new coronary disease, the company has fully and closely supported, covering 3 test reagents, medicines (antiviral particles, Shenqi Fuzheng) and material donations (5 million cash and 7 million drugs).

According to the company announcement and public communication, the sales of antiviral particles doubled in January. The antibody 上海夜网论坛 kit (Elisa and colloidal gold) is expected to pass emergency approval (4.2 million people / month supply) in 1-2 weeks, trying to form a strong complement to nucleic acid PCR detection, Become a new program for rapid large-scale population screening.

We maintain the company’s highest performance growth rate of over 20% and maintain EPS forecast for 19-21.



98 yuan, giving 28-30 times PE for 20 years (strong variety anti-collection risk capability, rich monoclonal antibody / microsphere pipeline, 23 times PE 20-30% premium for comparable companies), target price 47.


30 yuan, buy recommended.

  Chinese medicine sector: full production of antiviral granules is expected to narrow the overall decline 1Q20 The overall output value of the Chinese medicine sector is expected to narrow. 1) Antiviral granules are all started during the Spring Festival to achieve full production and sales, 100,000 in JanuaryBox sales, basically equivalent to 1/3 of previous years, there are still orders for 90,000 boxes in hand; 2) Shenqi Fuzheng has no obvious benefit performance in January sales, and the sales situation in February is yet to be observed, but we expect large-scale salesThe scale of sales is relatively small.

  Western medicine sector: Aipu speeds up, IVF rigid demand is strong, it is expected to resume growth after the epidemic is over. We expect the western medicine sector to grow at a rate of about 25% in 2020. The main drivers are: 1) Aipu’s two dosage forms will achieve 50% in 2020+ Revenue growth rate (injectables have entered the medical insurance negotiation smoothly and the decline rate is low, only 39%), and gradually realize the power of medical insurance to accelerate market replacement (1H19 Epp proportion sample hospital sample).

4%, while injectables account for 70% of the PPI market, replacing space transmission); and 2) IVF may be affected by reduced travel intentions during the epidemic period, but there is no significant change in the company’s dispatch at present.Medication is used to move the medication cycle forward or backward for patients), and we believe that the overall impact on the company is limited.

The subsequent epidemic cooled, and rigid demand for IVF is expected to recover in the second quarter.

  Exclusive Elisa and antibody colloidal gold kits are coming soon, providing powerful supplements for nucleic acid detection. Livzon reagents have successfully developed three types of kit products after the outbreak, and all have entered the national emergency channel for approval. The company expects to register successfully in 1-2 weeks:1) Nucleic acid detection kit (PCR-fluorescence): monthly production capacity is 20 copies, full-component freeze-drying technology is packaged in single servings, can be stored and stored at 2-8 ° C and is convenient and quick (30 minutes), delivered on January 27National Bureau of Emergency Approval; 2) IgM / IgG ELISA kit: monthly production capacity of 2 million copies, reducing false negatives of early patient nucleic acid detection, and the process is convenient and easy to operate (no P3 laboratory required); 3) IgM / IgG colloidGold kit: 2 million servings per month.

It can be used for in vitro serum detection in only 15 minutes. It is suitable 杭州桑拿网 for the early screening of large samples of early populations and forms a good complement to the RNA nucleic acid detection kit.

  Risk warning: The clinical data or approval progress of the kit is not up to expectations, and the continuous fermentation of the epidemic affects the subsequent performance of IVF.

Haige Communication (002465) Company Dynamic Comment: Stable performance and rising cost control

Haige Communication (002465) Company Dynamic Comment: Stable performance and rising cost control

Event: On October 30, 2019, Haige Communications released the third quarter report of 2019, and Q3 company achieved operating income8.

70 ppm, an increase of 7 over the same period last year.

56%; net profit attributable to mother is 0.

880,000 yuan, an increase of 20 over the same period last year.

07%; net profit after deduction is 0.

29 ppm, an increase of 10 in ten years.


From January to September, the company realized operating income of 28.

45 ppm, a ten-year increase of 7.

96%, net profit 重庆耍耍网 attributable to mother 3.

1.1 billion US dollars, an annual increase of 19.

29%, net profit after deduction to mother 1.

09 million yuan, an increase of 49 over the previous year.


Benefiting from the resumption of military orders, the company’s operating income achieved steady growth in the first three quarters of 2019.

In the first three quarters of 2019, the company’s operating income increased by 7 compared with the same period last year.

96%, of which Q3 grows by 7 per year.

56%, performance rose steadily, basically in line with expectations.

The situation of military reform has basically disappeared, and military orders have entered a period of restorative expansion.

At the same time, as the company’s orders increase, the company’s payment for materials 武汉夜网论坛 increases, and the net cash flow from operating activities from January to September was -4.

1.9 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 231.

25%, the situation is expected to ease after the recognition of revenue in the fourth quarter.

In the first three quarters of 2019, the company’s expense control has improved, and its profitability has further improved.

The company’s gross profit margin and net profit margin for the first three quarters were 36.

05% and 11.

28%, an increase of 1.

51 digits and 1.

66 single, profitability has improved.

In addition, the company’s expense control has been improved, and the ratio of sales expenses, management expenses and financial expenses to total operating income has decreased compared with the same period last year.

Among them, financial expenses changed the most due to the decrease in financing and the corresponding reduction in interest expenses, from 756 in the same period last year.

15 million reduced to -395.

810,000 yuan, change ratio -152.


The four business segments go hand in hand and develop steadily.

In the field of military communications and navigation, the company has passed the entire industry chain of chip → module → antenna → complete machine → system and operation services. Product development and service capabilities, full coverage, full product series, and wide user coverage.One of the largest complete machine and system suppliers in the field of information technology.

The company scores in the wireless communication sector and similar companies. It has obvious technical advantages, large scale revenue scale and higher product gross margin.

.In addition, the civilian product market also made breakthroughs. The civilian Tiantong terminal achieved a breakthrough in the emergency management market; it obtained a Wuxi Shuofang Airport drone service contract, and made a new breakthrough in the drone prevention and control business.
Software and information services sector, full of orders, fully benefit from the development of 5G infrastructure in the future.

In the Beidou sector, under the background of constant internal trade friction, Beidou’s civilian product trend has realized domestic substitution in multiple fields.The advantage is obvious, the market leader level is obvious, and it will fully benefit the development of Beidou industry in the future.

Risk warning: Beidou system promotion is less than expected; market expansion is less than expected; military orders fall below expectations; military spending growth declines resulting in orders falling short of expectations; competition in the software information service field is intensifying.

Zhejiang Meida (002677) Company Review: The Company’s Multi-Channel Layout Continues to Improve Profitability

Zhejiang Meida (002677) Company Review: The Company’s Multi-Channel Layout Continues to Improve Profitability

Event Zhejiang Meida released the 2019H1 performance report: the company’s 2019H1 achieved operating income7.

4.0 billion, an increase of 25 in ten years.

24%, net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies1.

82 ppm, an increase of 25 in ten years.

04%; of which, Q2 achieved operating income of 4.

15 ppm, an increase of 21 per year.

14%, net profit 1.

07 million yuan, an increase of 27 in ten years.


  The industry’s development momentum has continued, and the company’s revenue growth has been affected by the post-real estate cycle since this year. The industry’s prosperity is not high. The performance of the traditional smoke stove market is relatively sluggish, while the integrated stove has maintained much higher growth than the traditional smoke stove.

Judging from the online data of Zhongyikang from January to May, the integrated stove market size reached 12.

10,000 units, 8.

200 million US dollars, with annual growth of 47% and 61% respectively, and the average price has also maintained an upward trend. As a segment of the market for chefs, it has emerged from the trend of adverse growth in the first half of the year.

Driven by the increasing penetration of the integrated stove industry, the company’s Q2 revenue continued to grow at a rapid rate.

  The company’s high-end products have improved, and its profitability has continued to improve. The company has a long-term strategic cooperation agreement with Suning last year, and will continue to increase the proportion of first- and second-tier KAs. It is expected that the revenue from the KA channel will reach 20% -30% in the future.

With the steady development of the company’s offline channels and the increase in online promotion efforts, while the competition of integrated stove brands increased, it still maintained a good level of profit, thereby maintaining the growth rate of net profit, and Q2 achieved operating profit.

22 trillion, +23 a year.


  In addition, the increase in the proportion of high-end products of the company has a certain promoting effect on the overall gross profit margin, and has distanced itself from other rankings in product quality and positioning.

In the future, the company’s annual output of 1.1 million production lines will also be put into production ahead of schedule. The increase 武汉桑拿洗浴会所 in production capacity will bring the company’s manufacturing scale effect and further consolidate its leading level in the industry.

  Investment suggestion As a leader in the integrated stove industry, while enjoying the industry penetration rate and increasing dividends, the company actively promotes marketing, continues to deepen channel cultivation, enhances product structure, and maintains rapid growth in performance.

We expect the company’s net profit for 2019-2021 to be 4 respectively.

54 and 5.

41, 6.

35 ppm, with annual growth rates of 20 each.

15%, 19.

17% and 17.

46%, corresponding to a dynamic PE of 18 respectively.

3x, 15.

3x and 13.

0x, maintain “overweight” investment rating.

  Risk warning: The sales of integrated stoves are not up to expectations; the risk of rising raw material prices.

[Probiotics drink once a day]_ diet conditioning _ diet taboo

[Probiotics drink once a day]_ diet conditioning _ diet taboo

I believe that in modern society, more and more people understand the benefits of probiotics on the body, and there are many products about probiotics. For example, some beverages contain probiotics, so drink more of these beverages.It has a good promotion effect on gastrointestinal digestion and absorption.

And the number of times you drink probiotics is different according to the quality of each body. So how many times does a probiotic need to drink?

Eating probiotics once a day is a substance that is beneficial to promoting health. It has a variety of different flora and is suitable for use by different people. Therefore, when choosing probiotics, you should pay attention to your own actual situation to decide.

In fact, generally, probiotics are used in different populations, and the dosage and frequency are different.

For relatively healthy people, it is generally recommended to take a bag of probiotics on an empty stomach in the morning. For those who have developed constipation, they need to take a bag of probiotics before going to bed at night.

Notes on probiotics Probiotics have different strains, so there are different requirements when taking them. In general: 1.

It is best to use warm boiled water that does not exceed 37 ° C to wash probiotics. Excessive temperature will cause the probiotics to be destroyed and lose their own value. Therefore, people should pay special attention to this when using probiotics.Aspects.


Many parents are feeding probiotics to their children. They need to avoid taking probiotics in excess. Drinking too much is not conducive to the mutual health of children.


Probiotics can only be used for health care and conditioning. Therefore, when a disease occurs, some diarrhea is very serious. It is still necessary to choose a symptomatic method for treatment. Probiotics cannot replace drugs.

I hope that everyone can use probiotics in the correct way. Probiotics generally do not have any adverse reactions during the use, so they can be used as a long-term health product.

However, it should be noted that probiotics can only enter the health effects of conditioning intermediates, and cannot implement the effect of treating interventional diseases, so this product cannot replace medicines.

[How to eat dried loofah]_How to eat_How to eat

[How to eat dried loofah]_How to eat_How to eat

Loofah is a vegetable that many people like to eat. The nutritional value of loofah is very good, and the taste is also good. It has a certain role in supplementing the body’s nutrition. It is rich in multivitamins. You can eat fresh loofah or you can use loofah.It is dried and eaten in winter, and there are many ways to eat it. For example, it can be fried with ginger, it can be fried, it can be fried with meat, etc. It is not only delicious, but also good for health.

How to eat dried loofah 1, ginger fried.

Cut the ginger into small pieces, add a small amount of oil, stir-fry the ginger, add loofah, and add an appropriate amount of salt.

2. Stir fry.

Stir-fry with eggs to make a loofah egg soup. It is also delicious. You can also add loofah and old loofah for various vegetarian soups. 1. Mumps: 1 old loofah, chopped and fried until slightly yellow.Fine.

10 grams each time, boil water to serve, 3 times a day, even for 5 days.

2. Prolactin: 1 old loofah, dry in the shade, burnt, unfinished, rice wine, 9 grams each time.

3. Irregular menstruation: use 1 loofah, add 1 bowl of decoction with water, often drink to adjust the condition.

Dry the loofah seeds, add 1 bowl of decoction with water, add a small amount of brown sugar after boiling the water, and warm the rice wine once in the morning and evening, which is effective for regulating irregular menstruation.

1 old loofah, ground into fines after baking, 9 grams per serving, salt and water.

Can be treated for many months.

4. Uncomfortable pimples: Old loofah is 10cm near the pedicle, and it has skin burning properties.

5, hand and foot frostbite: old loofah burnt, and coated with pig fat.

6. Swelling: 1 old loofah seed, 1 sunflower dish, add 2 bowls of water, fry into 1 bowl, break in 1 fresh egg, wait to be cooked, eat egg drink soup.

7. Loofah (Take the silk) Use: Massage, soak the loofah in warm water when bathing, put on the shower gel or soap to massage the whole body; when washing your face, put the moisturizing loofah on the face from bottom to topGently massage the face, the intensity varies from person to person.

Wonderful use of dried loofah: Material: Loofah Method: Buy a big loofah, the better the head is, and dry it, but you can’t dry it, because it will become very brittle and you ca n’t use it.

After drying, cut into sections according to your preference.

It replaces steel balls and sponge cloth when washing dishes and brushing the pot. It is easy to use and feels good. It does not cut your hands and does not have the greasy feeling of sponge cloth.

You do n’t have to dry it out after using it, it ‘s very useful.

Although it is small, it is easy to use.

[Can winter melon tomatoes be eaten together]_ Diet Conditioning _ Diet Taboos

[Can winter melon tomatoes be eaten together]_ Diet Conditioning _ Diet Taboos

With the development of the times, modern people have a higher understanding of diet and health.

We say that they are all eating the same thing. We must always enjoy the deliciousness of food, and we must make our bodies healthier through food.

And this involves a question of how to eat.

The food is exquisitely matched, and a reasonable combination can give full play to the health effects of the ingredients. Can the melon and tomato be eaten together?

Whether the combination of the two is beneficial to human health.

Can melon and tomatoes be fried? I can be fried with tomatoes. The sugar content is low and the water content is high.

It can relieve swelling, remove excess body fat, and has a good therapeutic effect on patients with diabetes, coronary heart disease, arteriosclerosis, hypertension and obesity.

Winter melon contains a small amount of sodium and is an ideal vegetable for patients with kidney disease and edema.

Second, the effect of melon nutrition element content (per 100 grams) nutrition element content (per 100 grams) energy cal water g protein g trace g fiber g vitamin B1mg vitamin B2mg vitamin Cmg vitamin Emg nicotinic acid mg nanomg calcium mg iron mgCholesterol mg has more than thirst, edema, fullness, hemorrhoids, pain, fever, disease, edema, cirrhosis, ascites, cancer, beriberi, hypertension, diabetes, arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, obesity, lack of vitamin C three, sourAppetizing-Tomato fried winter melon Ingredients details Winter melon 1 tomato 1 garlic 2 petals ginger 1 small dried peppers right amount onion right amount vegetable oil right amount salt right amount original flavor cooking process ten minutes time-consuming tomato frying winter melon method Step 1. Prepare all ingredients, winter melonOne piece of tomato, garlic, ginger, spring onion, and dried peppers.

2. Slice the melon, slice the tomatoes, slice the garlic and ginger, and cut the spring onions to spare.

3. Take the wok, add oil to the hot pan, add ginger foam and dried chili shabu-shabu.

4. Pour melon slices and stir-fry over high heat for about 1 minute 5. Add tomatoes and stir-fry 6 and continue to stir-fry over high heat. 7 to 9 mature, probably the tomatoes are rotten, and the melon has become very transparent.Add salt, garlic, and spring onions, and stir fry for about a minute.

8. Put the pan on the pan and fill the pan. 9. The color and taste are very good. You can start the trick 1. Ginger is put in front of the winter melon. The shabu-shabu will be fragrant, and the garlic will be put at the end, which will keep the garlic’s aroma stronger.Personal experience, everyone can give it a try.

2, winter melon and tomatoes can be fried for a while, rotten a bit better.

Fourth, tomato fried winter melon main ingredients tomato 200g winter melon 300g auxiliary salt appropriate amount of step 1.

Wash the tomatoes and slice 2.

Peel and wash the melon and slice 3.

After the oil is hot, add the tomatoes and fry until the juice comes out 4.

Add melon, stir fry, and the melon becomes transparent.


Season with salt and season.

Tips 1, put melon after 2, thin slices of melon so easy to taste, cut the tomatoes thicker so that you can stir-fry tomato juice with high fire. Can the melon be fried with tomatoes?

Winter melon and tomatoes can be fried together, and the medicinal value of winter melon is very high, everyone can eat more winter melon, and tomato fried winter melon is sour and appetizing, which is very suitable for summer.

The above also introduced the practice steps of this dish, if you are interested, you can try it at home.

[Couple of cutting pineapple]_method_method

[Couple of cutting pineapple]_method_method

The pineapple’s shape arithmetic is resistant in the fruit, and the pineapple has a thick and thick shell that looks like it is armed with a layer of armor.

Generally, when we buy pineapple, we use professional peeling tools to remove the pineapple shell directly.

Pineapple has a lot of water, but if there are too many pineapples at a time, there will be astringent feeling in the mouth.

So what are the ways to cut pineapple after buying it?

Pineapple (scientific name: Ananascomosus) is one of the tropical fruits.

Fujian and Taiwan are called Wangli or Wanglai (?

ng-lai), Singapore and Malaysia are called yellow pears, and the mainland and Hong Kong replace pineapple.

There are more than 70 varieties, one of the four famous fruits in Lingnan.

Pineapples are native to Brazil, South America, and the Amazon basin of Paraguay. China was placed from Brazil in the 16th century.

It has now spread throughout the tropics.

The edible part is mainly composed of an inflorescence axis with increased fleshy texture, which is spirally distributed in the staggered flowers. The flowers are usually not strong. The persistent perianth lobes surround a stack, and the cavity contains atrophied stamens and styles.

The fibers of the leaves are very tough, covered by fabrics, ropes, netting and papermaking.

Ananas and pineapple are biologically the same fruit.

In the market, pineapples and pineapples are different varieties of fruits: pineapples have “inner spines” that need to be removed after peeling; while pineapples have no “inner spines” after removing the outer skin, there is no need to cut a trench.

Pineapple has its own special growth habits.

The earliest pineapples had rosette-shaped leaves.

The base of the leaf bush forms a water-containing leaf tube.

The water required for the growth and development of this type of pineapple is not stored in the mesophyll, but in the naturally formed signs in the central growth point of the clustered leaf cluster (that is, the unique rosette-shaped tube).In addition to the moist soil, water must be frequently poured into the leaf tube, so that a large amount of water is stored in the leaf tube, so that it can grow vigorously. This is a special habit of pineapple.

Another special habit of viewing pineapples at first was that they bloom flowers only once in their lifetime. After flowering, the mother plant will die in vivo. At this time, one to several niè buds will germinate at the base or root of the mother plant.Good material for new plants.

Many people love pineapple, but how to cut pineapple into small pieces quickly and well?

It may be a problem that many modern people, especially the younger generation, do not know.

Let me share with you a simple pineapple cutting technique, I believe you can learn!


Leave a bit at the petiole so that the pineapple does not spread out.


Cut in half in the correct direction.


Cut each half in half again.


Remove the heart.


Cut the small piece in half again.


Continue to cut into small pieces.


Pick the peel, take an appropriate amount of water, and put the flesh into it.

Put a small amount of salt, soak it for 30 minutes and remove it before serving.

[Can you drink lemonade for oral ulcers]_Lemon fruit water_Can you drink

[Can you drink lemonade for oral ulcers]_Lemon fruit water_Can you drink

Oral ulcer is a relatively common complication, which often results in a variety of manifestations such as oral ulcers and pain. Good treatment is needed in this case.

Drinking a little lemonade for oral ulcers is good. Lemonade itself has a certain bacteriostatic effect, and lemonade contains multiple vitamins. We know that one of the causes of oral ulcers is the lack of vitamins in the body, so it is appropriate to drink someLemonade is good.

Can oral ulcers drink lemonade? In life, many patients will reduce oral ulcers of different diameters. Patients with oral ulcers can drink lemonade. Patients do not have to worry too much. The large amount of vitamins in lemonade is also useful for the treatment of diseases.To a certain degree of benefit, patients should not eat those spicy and greasy foods while suffering from oral ulcers, to prevent the disease from getting worse.

First, patients with oral ulcers themselves lack a large amount of vitamin B2, and lemonade can promote healing by supplementing vitamin C, B1, and B2, which can both clean the mouth and astringent. Therefore, drinking lemonade for oral ulcers has a remoteHowever, due to the acidic penetration of lemonade, it has a certain corrosive effect on the teeth and gastric mucosa, so you cannot drink too much.

Second, in normal times, the prevention of oral ulcers is also very important. Pay attention to maintaining oral hygiene, brush your teeth sooner or later, gargle with fresh saline or medical mouthwash after meals, drink more water, eat less spicy food, do not drink, and moreWhen eating fresh vegetables and fruits, you must maintain a good state of mind at all times, do not be overly anxious and irritable, and exercise more often.

3. Oral ulcers are caused by a lack of vitamins in the body. Therefore, eat more vitamin-containing foods in normal times, which is conducive to healing of ulcers. Therefore, you should eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, such as tomatoes and spinach, and pay attention to dietary mixes in normal times., Do not eat too much meat food, do not eat those spicy and greasy food, eat more light food.

All in all, lemonade can be drunk when the patient changes the mouth ulcer. The lemonade is rich in vitamins, which can remove the odor in the mouth, and also has certain benefits for the treatment of oral ulcers. You should eat less spicyAnd greasy foods, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables to supplement the vitamins that are lacking in the body.